Tuesday, March 31, 2009

April Birthstone - Diamond

If you were lucky enough to be born in April, your birthstone is the king of gemstones - the Diamond. Most modern and traditional accounts list diamonds as the birthstone for April. It is not the only stone though, Opals are considered the mystical birthstone, and Sapphires were also considered the birthstone during the 15th to 20th centuries.

Diamond Photo courtesy of ebay seller BangkokGemMart
For today's article, we will discuss the traditional birthstone - diamond. "White diamonds" - the normal style diamonds used in most engagement rings, come in a range of colors which range from colorless to yellowish. The colorless ones are the most prized.

But diamonds are also available in a wide range of colors in all hues of the rainbow. Red, black, blue and green are the most expensive and most desirable.

From ugly duckling to swan is an apt term for a diamond. This lovely and much appreciated stone begins its life in nature, first as a rough chunk of carbon called lampriote or kimberlite deep within the earth. Over the passage of time and great pressures, the deposit reaches the surface, where it can be mined, polished and set in jewelry.

India is thought to have been the first large source of diamond mining. Large diamond mining companies are found in South Africa, Russia and even Arkansas in the USA.

There are many metaphysical and folklore tales association with diamonds. In mythology, diamonds were thought by ancient Greeks to be splinters of stars which had fallen to earth. Some even thought they were tears of the gods. They also believed that Cupid’s arrows were tipped in diamonds. It makes perfect sense that this has translated, over the years, so that this lovely stone has acquired the reputation of being the gift of lovers.

A lovely Georgian poem beautifully describes the April child: She who from April dates her years, Diamonds shall wear, lest bitter tears For vain repentance flow.

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